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1971-09-01 00:01:20
Amazing Spider-Man #100-102
1971/Box 6/Silver Age
New Avengers: Illuminati #1

Avengers #89-97

Issue(s): Avengers #89, Avengers #90, Avengers #91, Avengers #92, Avengers #93, Avengers #94, Avengers #95, Avengers #96, Avengers #97
Published Date: Jun 71 - Mar 72
Title: "The only good alien..." / "Judgment Day" / "Take one giant step -- backward!" / "All things must end!" / "This beachhead Earth / A journey to the center of the android! / War of the weirds!" / "More than Inhuman! / 1971: A space odyssey / Behold the Mandroids!" / "Something Inhuman this way comes..!" / "The Andromeda swarm!" / "Godhood's end!"
Roy Thomas - Writer
Sal Buscema / Neal Adams / John Buscema - Penciler
Sam Grainger / Sal Buscema / George Roussos / Tom Palmer / Neal Adams, Tom Palmer, & Alan Weiss - Inker

Sal Buscema draws issue #89-92. Neal Adams draws #93-96, with part of issue #94 by John Buscema, who also draws #97. Tom Palmer is the inker from #93 on, with some help on issue #96.

Ah the muddled mess that is the Kree-Skrull War.

As Neal Adams indicates in his forward to the trade, the story "wanders off track" before Adams comes in. It seems that Adams was a lot more involved in the plotting than the credits indicate. Overall this is actually fun but it's very unstructured and has the terrible ending of Rick Jones shooting a bunch of Golden Age comic book characters out of his head to defeat the bad guys. There is no real war to speak of, or at least we don't see much of it. Here's the breakdown:

#89 - The Vision, the Scarlet Witch, and Quicksilver respond to an alarm at the Baxter Building and find that Captain Marvel has broken into the Negative Zone portal to free Rick Jones.

This unfortunately alerts Annihilus to the location of the portal.

The Avengers fight Annihilus off but Captain Marvel turns out to be loaded with negative radiation energy.

A Dr. Donaldson helps remove the excess radiation contaminating Captain Marvel. He is referred to as a colleague of Henry Pym but does not seem to have any prior appearances. Ronan the Accuser returns, takes over the Kree Empire...

...and activates the Kree Sentry with the intent to kill Captain Marvel.

#90 - the Avengers fail to stop the Sentry, who now just wants to capture Mar-vell. Responding to a coincidental call from the Wasp and Yellowjacket, they wind up fighting the Sentry again along with Ronan in an area in the Arctic circle that Ronan has regressed to a primitive jungle.

Because he wants to investigate Savage Land II alone, Henry Pym punches Janet in the face, knocking her off his dragonfly.

To be fair, Pym may have already been affected by the de-evolutionary power that Ronan is using. Later he devolves into a caveman-ish form.

When Ronan discusses his reasons for wanting to destroy the human race, for once, and only briefly, humans are not considered helpless and barbaric primitives. Instead the Earth's super-heroes and its ability to go from steam power to atomic power in less than a century designates us as an advanced race that the Kree have designated as a threat. It's a nice change but it gets forgotten later on in the story.

Brief cameo by Carol Danvers (her only appearance in this arc), who shows up after Captain Marvel has been taken by the Sentry to file an incident report.

#91 - The Avengers still have difficulty fighting Ronan and the Sentry.

But Ronan is forced to withdraw from earth and give up on his de-evolutionary scheme because the Skrulls have launched an attack on the Kree empire.

Vision and the Scarlet Witch's romance continues to develop in these issues.

#92 - This issue starts with a nice shot of the Avengers hanging around the Mansion on a day off.

Then, some of the scientists at that Arctic circle talk to the press about the Kree invasion, and SHIELD is ordered to arrest Captain Mar-vell when a politician named H. Warren Craddock launches a McCarthy-esque campaign against aliens.

Nick Fury and the Avengers help Mar-vell escape with Carol Danvers, who will actually turn out to be the Super-Skrull in disguise.

Captain America, Iron Man and Thor show up and tell the Avengers that because they broke the law they are off the team.

There's an inquiry, and the Fantastic Four are invited to present their opinions. The Thing is surprisingly not sympathetic.

In what may actually be signs of some forward plotting, Rick Jones randomly starts thinking about Golden Age comic book characters, noting that in those comics, the storylines were much simpler and there was a clear distinction between good guys and bad guys. I guess he was forgetting about the Sub-Mariner.

#93 - Now we get into the Neal Adams art. The Vision returns to Avenger's Mansion and breaks down.

Henry Pym arrives as Ant-Man...

...and enters the Vision's body to repair him.

While he's in there, Ant-Man discovers something about the Vision...

...but we don't learn what it is yet. Several years later during the Celestial Madonna storyline, we'll learn that this was setting up the rather bizarre idea that the Vision was built from the remains of the original Human Torch.

Once repaired, the Vision tells Captain America, Iron Man, and Thor that they were attacked by cows that transformed into the Fantastic Four.

It turns out that the Cap, IM, and Thor from the previous issue and the FF were all Skrulls. The cows were the Skrulls that were hypnotized by Reed Richards back in Fantastic Four #2. They've recently been revived thanks to a Skrull hyper-beam from space.

The real A-list Avengers and Vision return to the farm where the Vision was attacked and fight the FF Skrulls...

...but not in time to stop the Scarlet Witch, Quicksilver, and Captain Marvel from being taken away into space by the Super-Skrull.

#94 - The Vision flees the Super-Skrull, but leaves the other captives behind.

The Super-Skrull tries to destroy the Inhuman's Great Refuge, but the Inhumans defend themselves by erecting a barrier similar to the one previously created by Maximus.

Roy Thomas, ladies and gentleman: "The finger on the button: In the end, will it matter if that hand was alien... or green... or Protestant...?" The Super-Skrull delivers his prisoners to Emperor Dorrek, and the Scarlet Witch and Quicksilver are forced to fight some space monsters.

Quicksilver has the crappiest method of attack for a super-speedster. All he ever does is roll himself up into a ball and bounce into people. It's rarely effective. They are then put in a prison with some cute and fuzzy animals that replicate when struck.

The mutant siblings are being threatened because the Emperor wants Mar-vell to create a device called the Omni-Wave, which the Kree use as a faster-than-lightspeed communication device, but can also be used as a weapon (but only against the Kree, for some reason?). Meanwhile, Craddock orders SHIELD to attack the Avengers, and they do so using new Mandroid armor.

Iron Man's secret weapon against the Mandroids is his roller skates. He says to Cap, "Wild! I see even you've forgotten" them!

Triton shows up during the fight.

#95 - This issue starts with a flashback of Triton making his way to the Avengers.

Triton actually came for the FF, but he'll take the Avengers' help instead. The Kree are taking advantage of the fact that Maximus is in charge of the Inhumans to assert their right to an alliance. To their point of view, the Inhumans are an investment and now it's time for them to pay off. The Vision thinks this is a bit of a distraction from the main plot (and it is)...

...but the Avengers pick up Black Bolt in San Francisco (note that the boy, Joey, is taken with Black Bolt back to the Great Refuge but there's no mention of the Trikon that was abducting him the last time we saw him).

Over the Vision's protests, since he wants to hurry up and head into space to rescue Wanda, the Avengers help restore Black Bolt to the throne. It is revealed that Black Bolt killed his parents and drove his brother mad when he used his screaming power to stop a plot between a young Maximus and the Kree. Black Bolt puts down the Maxiumus led rebellion by whispering to his people.

Rick is kidnapped by the Kree as they flee Attilan.

Somewhere behind the scenes in Avengers #95 or #96, Captain Marvel finds the time to make sweet love to Skrull Princess Anelle, resulting in the conception of Hulking. He's also pretending to build an Omni-Wave.

#96 - The Vision, Goliath, Iron Man, Thor, and Captain America head into space in a SHIELD-provided space ship.

They get into a battle with a Skrull armada...

...and Clint Barton (who has given up using the Goliath serum) leaves the group following a nuclear bomb bearing Skrull ship.

The Vision goes crazy beating on a Skrull because he wants to get the Scarlet Witch back. It becomes definitive in this arc that the two are in love.

Rick Jones is brought to Ronan, who, impressed with his courage, plans to keep Rick as his "body-slave". Gross.

He is thrown into the same prison as the Supreme Intelligence, who sends Rick into the Negative Zone where he finds himself facing Annihilus.

#97 - Rick finds that he can shoot an energy beam out of his head, which repels Annihilus.

He then returns to the Kree prison and, as Ronan's guards attack, Rick uses his "powers" to make Golden Age comic book characters come to life.

He then uses his powers to freeze all the Kree and Skrulls in the galaxy...

...and reverts H. Warren Craddock into his true form, revealing that he is also a Skrull.

Craddock-Skrull is quickly beaten down by the anti-alien mob he has whipped up. The Supreme Intelligence tells Rick that he is using a power that all humans will have in the distant future.

After Rick uses his power, he passes out, the Supreme Intelligence tells Captain Marvel that the only way Rick can be saved is "by becoming as one with him once more -- thus giving him your full life-force". Mar-vell says this will make him even more of a prisoner than before, but after some slight hesitation, he agrees.

It is implied that the Skrull Emperor Dorrek is killed at the end of issue #97 and that Anelle is now regent, but as we will see in New Avengers: Illuminati #1 and Fantastic Four #205-214, that seems to not be the case. I guess the idea is that he was frozen along with the rest of the Skrulls, and that wears off more quickly than expected.

There's no real good explanation about how Rick was able to do what he did or why that power subsequently goes away. There's also no real resolution to the Kree-Skrull War. Both races are frozen now but was that supposed to be permanent?

The art is great throughout. Both Buscemas are favorites of mine, and Neal Adam is always exceptional.

Thomas is... Thomas, which means he's overly melodramatic with bad attempts at being "literary". The plot is meandering and without any real sense of purpose. The whole "Rick Jones attacks the Kree-Skrull War with the Golden Age" resolution is especially disappointing. But it's a fun adventure story anyway and it lays the groundwork for a lot of better stories that came later, as well as raising the importance of "event" based story telling.

Quality Rating: C

Historical Significance Rating: 9 - Kree-Skrull War

Chronological Placement Considerations: The flashback portion of issue #89, which features some of the Avengers dealing with Captain Marvel's break-in at the Baxter Building to get at the Negative Zone portal, takes place while the Fantastic Four are at Whisper Hill and the rest of the Avengers are facing Psyklop in Avengers #88.

For what it's worth, Hawkeye's appearance in Avengers Forever takes place after these issues.


  • Captain Marvel saw that the Fantastic Four had a portal to the Negative Zone when he observed the events of Fantastic Four #107.
  • Ronan the Accuser was imprisoned by the Supreme Intelligence after his attempted coup in Captain Marvel #16.
  • The Kree Sentry has been stored at the Cape since Captain Marvel #2.
  • Thor got a history lesson on the Inhumans and learned of the Kree's involvement in their origin in Thor #146-147.
  • The Fantastic Four fought the Kree Sentry in Fantastic Four #64 and Ronan the Accuser in Fantastic Four #65.
  • Captain Marvel fought the Super-Skrull in Captain Marvel #3.
  • Captain Marvel renounced the Kree in Captain Marvel #10.
  • Una died in Captain Marvel #11.
  • Captain Marvel received his new powers and costume in Captain Marvel #17.
  • Captain Marvel found the Nega-bands and partnered with Rick Jones in Captain Marvel #18.
  • Wasp and Yellowjacket left the Avengers to do research in Alaska in Avengers #75.
  • Thor mistakenly gives Henry Pym credit for building the Vision, but Iron Man doesn't let it happen. The Vision was created by Ultron, as shown in Avengers #58.
  • Mr. Fantastic hypnotized Skrulls into believing they were cows in Fantastic Four #2.
  • While they are held prisoner, Quicksilver and the Scarlet Witch nearly get suffocated by critters that were "first glimpsed in passing in Fantastic Four #37". (I suspect they're a Star Trek Trouble With Tribbles reference but i've never watched that show.)
  • The Mandroids that appear here are "Not related to the living robot in Captain Marvel #18 - honest! - Stan"
  • Black Bolt lived in a San Francisco ghetto in Amazing Adventures #5-8.
  • The Golden Age super heroes summoned by Rick Jones (Thanks to Robert Gillian on the letter page to Avengers #103):
    • Captain America first appeared in Captain America Comics #1....
    • The Human Torch first appeared in Marvel Comics #1...
    • The Sub-Mariner was first seen in Marvel Comics #1...
    • The Angel premiered in Marvel Comics #1....
    • The Fin first appeared in Daring #7...
    • The Vision appeared in Marvel Mystery Comics #13...
    • The Blazing Skull first appeared in Mystic Comics #5
    • The Patriot was a very obscure feature, which generally ran about 5 pages. I couldn't find his first story, but they ran monthly in Marvel Mystery.

Cross-over: N/A

Continuity Implant? N

Reprinted In: Avengers: The Kree-Skrull War TPB

Inbound References (49): show

Characters Appearing: Anelle, Annihilus, Black Bolt, Captain America, Captain Mar-vell, Dorrek, Dum Dum Dugan, Hawkeye, Henry Pym, Iron Man, Jarvis, Joey (street urchin), Kree Sentry 459, Maximus, Mordecai P. Boggs, Mr. Fantastic, Ms. Marvel (Carol Danvers), Nick Fury, Quicksilver, Rick Jones, Ronan the Accuser, Scarlet Witch, Super-Skrull, Supreme Intelligence, Thing, Thor, Triton, Vision, Wasp

Amazing Spider-Man #100-102
1971/Box 6/Silver Age
New Avengers: Illuminati #1


The issue titles reference a number of films and prose stories:"This Island Earth" "Journey to the Center of the Earth(or Mind, if you like Ted Nugent)" "War of the Worlds" "More Than Human" "2001:A Space Odyssey" "Behold The Man" "Something Wicked This Way Comes" "The Andromeda Strain" and "Childhood's End".

The Tribble-things are called Druffs.

Neal Adams accidentally originally drew Rick Jones with 6 fingers on one hand on the last page of #96, causing Roy Thomas to spend way too much time yakking about who discovered that in "Alter Ego" years later.

David Michelinie has a letter in #92.

George Perez stated in AFTA #2 that the Neal Adams Avengers issues didn't sell that well, and that Stan Lee didn't care for his art here because Cap and Thor didn't facially resemble the respective Buscema versions.

I do feel Thomas overdoes everyone's reference to old comic-related stuff. I like it as a comic fan but it takes me out of things too much as I'm aware that ROY THOMAS is really into this stuff and enfusing the escapism with way too much of his personal interests. Metropolis, EC Fan Addict, Captain Midnight, etc.- as if every single character in the Marvel Universe was a comics nut during the 40s and 50s.

How did the "wang" in #96 get past the Comics Code?

I was reading Alter Ego #50 the other day, the Roy Thomas tribute issue, and it includes an article in which Roy himself is reviewing a bunch of letters he'd written (when he was a fan and 19-20 years old) to Gardner Fox about the Justice League. Roy's letters are full of storyline ideas.

In one of the letters (from 1961), Roy pitches the following:
"...aliens capture the JLA as they use a ray to bring to life inanimate objects to conquer the earth. Snapper, of course, would hold an old issue of All-Star Comics under the ray, and the JLA would be rescued by the JSA. A keen idea."

In this AE article, Roy says he'd forgotten this letter, so upon seeing it again years later he was surprised that the scenario he proposed way back in 1961 was very similar to what he wrote for the Avengers 10 years later--team of heroes is fighting a losing battle with aliens, so teen-ager brings old heroes from a bygone era to life to save the day!

In Comics Interview #66, Roy states that Neal only turned in 3 or 4 pages of #97 by some deadline, thoroughly irritating Roy and causing him to give the issue to Buscema instead, who reportedly had only a few days to lay out the whole book. So some unpublished Adams pages for this may exist somewhere(and that may explain the "consultant" credit). At some other point in this, Tom Palmer reportedly declared he was sick of pulling all-nighters to finish Neal's late pages and vowed never to ink his stuff again.

Speaking of "setting up a rather bizarre idea", the single panel where Captain Marvel muses about Anelle and the caption says "though once, for an instant, he could have wished she would have become - something more" is used much, much later to suggest they had an affair and an illegitimate child, who became Hulkling of the Young Avengers. Not as bad as Norman Osborn boning Gwen Stacy, but pretty high up there on the list of unlikely bed-mates.

I recently re-read this for the first time in well over a decade and was thoroughly disappointed. I think almost every criticism that fnord has of this series is spot-on, though the Adams art, especially in his first issue, is amazing.

A few notes though:

1 - I love that Carol Danvers wants the Avengers to fill out paperwork and that Vision tries to get out of it. Then she catches him on that and they begrudgingly go ahead and spend hours doing the paperwork.

2 - When Cap throws his shield and nails the guy in his head, how does that guy not die? Seriously, he got struck by an adamantium / vibranium shield flying through the air into his unprotected head.

3 - The first Adams issue is really a great issue and one of Hank Pym's shining moments - the art is great and he has some great moments in it.

4 - For such a major storyline this might have the most ridiculous resolution in comics history. Much as I don't like most of Marvel's big events of the last 20 years, "No more mutants" was one hell of a way to resolve things. This is just silly beyond belief.

Per a letter in Alter Ego #130: John Romita supposedly redrew Captain America's head on the splash page in #93.

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